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Human Genome Project

To Know Ourselves (1 million plus bytes; 38 pages; many pictures)

an introduction to the Human Genome project, produced by the federal agency who got the project started - The US Department of Energy. What does the Energy Department have to do with genetic research?! Read the pamphlet and find out.

Your Genes, Your Choices (1 million plus bytes; 78 pages; many pictures)

an exploration of issues raised by genetic research. Your Genes, Your Choices describes the Human Genome Project, the science behind it, and the ethical, legal, and social issues that are raised by the project. This book was written as part of the Science + Literacy for Health project of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and funded by the U.S. Department of Energy.

Primer on Molecular Genetics (approx 700,000 bytes; 44 pages; many pictures)

a wonderful introduction to the conceptual basis of modern genetics and the whole international Human Genome project. This document, too, was produced by the US Department of Energy.

A New Five-Year Plan for the U. S. Human Genome Project (89,819 bytes; 11 pages)

reprint of original 1993 essay in Science by Francis Collins and David Galas, outlining the plans and needs for genome research in the United States for the 1993-1998 five-year period.

U.S. Human Genome Project 5-Year Research Goals 1998-2003

This link takes you to a Department of Energy site that documents the five-year research goals of the U.S. Human Genome Project.

Ahead of Schedule and on Budget (8,095 bytes; 2 pages)

reprint of original editorial in Science by Daniel E. Koshland, Jr., congratulating the leaders of the U.S. Human Genome Project for providing "brilliant leadership ... without the burden of ideological proscriptions or impractical administrative mechanisms."


USA v. Microsoft, 23 June 1998 (636,017 bytes; 56 pages)

Ruling by the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, overturning the injunction barring Microsoft from treating Windows95 and Internet Explorer as a unified product.

Although officially only a ruling on the original injunction, the clarity and strength of the ruling is likely to affect the general anti-trust action still pending. For example, the appellate court ruled that, "On the facts before us ... we are inclined to conclude that the Windows 95/IE package is a genuine integration; consequently, s IV(E)(i) does not bar Microsoft from offering it as one product." (page 28)

With regard to the appointment of a "special master" to provide advice on technical matters, the appellate court was even more forceful: "The reference to the master was in effect the imposition on the parties of a surrogate judge and either a clear abuse of discretion or an exercise of wholly non-existent discretion. We grant mandamus to vacate the reference." (page 37)

USA v. Microsoft, 28 June 2001 (418,404 bytes; 125 pages)

The latest ruling by the United States Court of Appeals in the on-going Microsoft case.

In this ruling, the Court finds serious fault in the handling of the case by the original judge, Thomas Penfield Jackson, and in a section entitled "Remedies for Judicial Misconduct and Appearance of Partiality" orders that he be disqualified from further involvement with the case. The Court also sets aside the break-up remedy specified by Judge Jackson.

At the same time, the Court confirms the original finding of monopoly practices by Microsoft, and remands the case to a lower court:

The judgment of the District Court is affirmed in part, reversed in part, and remanded in part. We vacate in full the Final Judgment embodying the remedial order, and remand the case to the District Court for reassignment to a different trial judge for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.

Response of the United States to Public Comments on the Revised Proposed Final Judgment, 27 Feb 2002 (602,440 bytes; 248 pages)

The U.S. Department of Justice has provided the Microsoft antitrust case judge an all-encompassing response to the more than 32,000 public comments it received about the case - the largest public response ever filed in an antitrust case.

The government received 32,329 public comments, the most it ever received under the Tunney Act, a federal sunshine law for antitrust settlements. More than 90% of the comments were sent via e-mail.

16 Aug 2018
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